Political Science MCQs Lecturer PPSC FPSC Practice Test 15

1- The theory of origin of state which holds that the state is the result of slow process of growth is known as:

A). Organic theory

B). Social contract theory

C). Evolutionary theory✔️

D). Patriarchal theory

2- Religion helped in the evolution of state by cultivating following two qualities:

A). Reverence and obedience✔️

B). Faith and power

C). Faith in heaven and hell

D). Superstition and faith in God

3- Which one of the following is the most acceptable Theory regarding the origin of the state:

A). Social contract

B). Divine origin

C). Force theory

D). Historical theory✔️

4- The earliest territorial state was:

A). Greek city- state

B). Oriental Empire✔️

C). Roman Empire

D). Feudal state

5- The early oriental Empire rested on:

A). Fear of God

B). Despotism of king✔️

C). Sweet will of the people

D). Laws of nature

6- The early oriental Empires were mostly located:

A). On the sea coasts

B). In the fertile valleys✔️

C). On the banks of rivers

D).bin Europe

7- The city- States which made their appearance before the birth of Christ are generally associated with:

A). China

B). India

C). Rome

D). Greece✔️

8- The City- States:

A). Believed in arbitrary rule

B). Granted freedom to all the people

C). Granted freedom only to the citizens✔️

D). Granted freedom to citizen as well as aliens

9- The Roman Empire was characterized by:

A). A Highly centralized administration✔️

B). Complete Autonomy for its units

C). Division of powers between the centre and state

D). Popular Assemblies

10- One of the outstanding contributions of the Roman Empire was:

A). Individual liberty

B). Autonomy of units

C). Introduction of democracy

D). Universal code of law✔️

11-Under the Feudal state offices were distributed on the basis of:

A). Merit

B). Principle of heredity✔️

C). Draw of lots

D). Highest bidding

12- In the Feudal state the political authority rested with:

A). Military classes

B). Commercial classes

C). Landed classes✔️

D). Religious classes

13- In modern times the Force Theory of the origin of state found a strong advocate in:

A). Lenin

B). Winston Churchill

C). Hitler✔️

D). Mahatma Gandhi

14- Which one of the following thinkers did not criticize the theory of social contact?

A). Karl Marx✔️

B). Wright

C). Vaughan

D).T.H.Green

15- The areatest contribution of Hobbes to political theory was:

A). Natural State theory

B). Social contract theory

C). Monarchical theory✔️

D). Patriarchal theory

16- The main propounders of the evolutionary theory were:

A). Hobbes and Locke

B). Lenin and Marx

C). Plato and Aristotle

D). Burgess and Leacock✔️

17- Which one of the following has not been included by Locke in the list of natural rights?

A). Right of life

B). Right of liberty

C). Right to property

D). Right to work✔️

18- Who said that man’s life in the state of nature was ” solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short”?

A). Hobbes✔️

B). Locke

C). Rousseau

D). Karl Marx

19- ” The state is neither the handiwork of God, nor the result of superior physical force, nor the creation of a resolution or convention nor a mere expansion of the family” who said this?

A). Laski✔️

B). Garner

C). Hegel

D). T.H . Green

20- The modern state is described as:

A). A police state

B). A welfare state✔️

C).A Laissez faire state

D). Autocratic state

21- Which one of the following theories regarding the origin of state was very popular during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries?

A). Divine origin theory

B). Force theory

C). Social contract theory✔️

D). Historical theory

22- Which one of the following theories regarding the origin of state evoked maximum controversy?

A). Force theory

B). Divine origin theory

C). Social contract theory✔️

D). Evolutionary theory

23- Who of the following was a staunch supporter of the’ Divine origin theory’?

A). George III of England

B). Napoleon of France

C). James II of England✔️

D). None of the above

24- Which one of the followings enjoys the distinction of being the first to offer a systematic theory of the social contract?

A). Locke

B). Hobbes✔️

C). Rousseau

D). Bodin

25- Which one of the following methods was adopted by Hobbes?

A). Comparative Method

B). Historical Method

C). Scientific Method✔️

D). None of the above

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