Political Science MCQ for PPSC FPSC KKPSC Practice Test 14

1- Locke’s sovereign was:

A). Above law

B). Bound by the existing laws✔️

C). The chief creator of all laws

D). None of the above

2- According to Locke the government was created for the purpose of:

A). Maintenance of law and order

B). Protection of country from outside aggression

C). Promotion of welfare of the community

D). Protection of natural rights✔️

3- The social contract theory of Rousseau is:

A). Identical to the theory of Hobbes

B). Identical to the theory of Locke

C). Has no resemblance with the views of either Hobbes or Locke

D). Combines the points of theories of both Hobbes and Locke✔️

4- Rousseau advocated his theory of social contact in the book:

A). Social contract✔️

B). Origin of the Species

C). Rise and fall of the Roman empire

D). Modern state

5- Rousseau hailed from:

A). Britain

B). Germany

C). France✔️

D). Russia

6- According to Rousseau the two instincts which governed the action of man in the state of nature were:

A). Fear and religion

B). Self interest and fear

C). Self preservation and sympathy towards others✔️

D). Protection of life and property

7- The state of nature, according to Rousseau, was:

A). A period of peace and happiness✔️

B). A period of constant warfare

C). A period of great uncertainty

D). A period of selfishness

8- The two important factors which according to Rousseau compelled the people to leave the state of nature and create the state were:

A). Growth of population and property✔️

B). Emergence of strong religious and military classes

C). Fear of foreign danger and need of a strong ruler to protect them

D). Growth of property and fear of revolution

9- The contract envisaged by Rousseau was:

A). Both the social and political contract✔️

B). A social contract

C). A political contract

D). A legal contract

10- Under Rousseau’s contract:

A). Each individual surrendered his powers to the king

B). Each individual surrendered his powers to the parliament

C). Each individual surrendered his powers to the community✔️

D). Each person received certain rights from the king

11- Rousseau was an advocate of:

A). Popular sovereignty✔️

B). Individual sovereignty

C). Political sovereignty

D). Legal sovereignty

12- Which one of the following thinkers is connected with the concept of ‘General Will’:

A). Hobbes

B). Locke

C). Rousseau✔️

D).T.H.Green

13- The “General Will” means:

A). Will of the majority

B). Unanimous will

C). Collection of individual wills

D). Will of the community viewed as a living and rational political organism✔️

14- The General Will is:

A). Non-sovereign

B). Sovereign✔️

C). Enjoys only limited sovereignty

D). Legally sovereign

15- The General Will, according to Rousseau is:

A). Always right✔️

B). Generally right

C). Never right

D). Can be both right and wrong

16- The General Will is:

A). Permanent✔️

B). Keeps on changing according to time and place

C). Purely temporary

D). Highly flexible

17- Rousseau borrowed the concept of absolute sovereignty from:

A). Hobbes✔️

B). Locke

C). Bodin

D). Austin

18- The principle of ‘public good’ was borrowed by Rousseau from:

A). J.S.Mill

B). T.H.Green

C). Locke✔️

D). Bentham

19-The social contract theory paved the way for:

A). Rise of absolute monarchy

B). Introduction of direct democracy

C). Growth of autocratic system of government

D). Democracy✔️

20- Rousseau’s social contract theory exercised immense influence on:

A). The Glorious Revolution of 1688 in England

B). The French Revolution of 1779✔️

C). Russian Revolution of 1917

D). The American war of independence

21- The view that the state arose not as the creator of law but the interpreter and enforcer of customs was expressed by:

A). Hobbes

B). Marx

C). Locke✔️

D). Rousseau

22- Who out of the followings made out a case for absolute monarchy:

A). Hobbes✔️

B). Locke

C). T.H.Green

D). Rousseau

23- The social contract theory replaced:

A). The force theory

B). Divine origin theory✔️

C). Patriarchal theory

D). Matriarchal theory

24- Who said that ” Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains”?

A). Aristotle

B). Marx

C). Rousseau✔️

D). Locke

25- Which one of the followings is accepted as the true theory of the origin of state?

A). Divine right theory

B). Force theory

C). Social contract theory

D). Evolutionary theory✔️

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