Lecturer Political Science Solved MCQs Practice Test No. 22

1- Equality’s concept insists on:

A). Equality of treatment

B). Equality of rewards

C). Equality of condition✔️

D). None of these

2- One of the following is not a foundational concept of equality?

A). Equality of persons✔️

B). Proportional equality

C). Equality before law

D). Equality of conditions

3- Who says that equality is not an isolated principle, but stands by the principle of liberty and fraternity?

A). Laski

B). Tawney✔️

C). Lindsay

D). Barker

4- The notion of protective discrimination is associated with:

A). Notion of equality✔️

B). Notion of liberty

C). Notion of justice

D). None of these

5- One of the following is not the feature of the notion of equality:

A). Absence of privileges

B). Equal opportunities

C). Equal wages✔️

D). Equality before law

6- One of the following is not the basic feature of equality:

A). Absence of privileges

B). Absence of discrimination✔️

C). Absence of opportunities

D). Absence of liberties

7- One of the following thinkers believes that equality postulates universality of human worth:

A). Rousseau

B). Kant✔️

C). Hegel

D). Locke

8- Social Justice primarily aims at:

A). Political equality

B). Religious equality

C). Civic equality

D). Socio-economic equality✔️

9- If formal equality is legal, political and economic, the foundational equality is:

A). Historical

B). Empirical

C). Philosophical✔️

D). Dialectical

10- One of the following believes that politics liberty is meaningless without economic equality:

A). Action

B). de Tocqueville

C). Laski✔️

D). Marx

11- The following view equality as rewards in accordance with deserts:

A). Liberals

B). Socialists

C). Marxists

D). Conservatives✔️

12-Which one of the following is a central attribute of Plato’s notion of justice?

A). Equality

B). Liberty

C). Fraternity

D). Harmony✔️

13- What is the most fundamental notion underlying the Marxist vision of Justice?

A). Need✔️

B). Desert

C). Class

D). Exploitation

14- Barker’s view of Justice is the synthesis of:

A). Liberty and equality✔️

B). Liberty, equality and fraternity

C). Equality and fraternity

D). Liberty and fraternity

15- The ground for distributive justice includes:

A). Merit and desert

B). Desert and need

C). Need and merit

D). Merit, desert and need✔️

16- The principle of distributive justice was first propounded by:

A). Aristotle✔️

B). Godwin

C). Herbert spencer

D). Rawls

17- Who among the following has expressed the view that if Justice is taken away; the state becomes a band of robbers?

A). Plato

B). Aristotle

C). St. Augustine✔️

D). Locke

18- Rawl’s Theory of justice is essentially:

A). Kantian✔️

B). Utilitarian

C). Marxist

D). Libertarian

19- The Rawlsian notion of justice is:

A). Socialist✔️

B).Utilitarian

C). Communitarian

D). Liberal

20- The Rawlsian principle of distributive justice is based on the notion of:

A). Desert

B). Difference principle✔️

C). Equality

D). Entitlement

21- Rawls describes justice:

A). As welfare

B). As equality

C). As fairness✔️

D). As communion

22- A state’s legitimacy depends on:

A). Its claim to do justice✔️

B). Its claim to establish equality

C). Its claim to make possible liberty

D). Its claim to have a welfare state

23- Rawl’s Theory of justice is not associated with the following:

A). Liberty

B). Reciprocity✔️

C). Utility

D). Fairness

24- The following combination relates justice to contact:

A). Hobbes and Locke

B). Cephalus and Polemarchus

C). Bentham and Mill

D). Rawls and Gauthier✔️

25- Who held the view that justice is the synthesis of political values?

A). Rawls

B). Barker✔️

C). Nozick

D). Walzer

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